Levantine Journal of Applied Sciences is a biannual peer-reviewed journal that publish original and high-quality articles covering a wide range of topics in scientific research, dedicated to promoting high standards in the creation and dissemination of scientific knowledge. This multidisciplinary international journal accepts research and review papers in the field of mathematics, chemistry, physics, biology, and agriculture on the basis of their originality, importance, and multidisciplinary interest. Articles that simply replicate known knowledge or techniques and do not add anything new or unique to the science will normally be rejected. Levantine Journal of Applied Sciences is an open-access journal, which means that all articles are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication. Non-commercial use and distribution in any medium are permitted, provided the author and the journal are properly credited. All submitted manuscripts are initially evaluated by the Editor and, if found suitable, are sent for further consideration, to peer reviewers for an independent and anonymous expert review process.